Lighting can make or break a room. That’s a fact. Not only does a good lighting plan make a room look better, it also makes it function better and provides an important safety element. But proper lighting involves more than just tossing in a few fixtures and calling it a day. Here are some things to think about when it comes to your home’s lighting plan.
Every room should have a mix of three types of lighting: general, task and accent.
Also referred to as ambient lighting, general light provides a room with overall illumination. Ambient lighting is typically provided by ceiling-mounted fixtures or pot lights, but it can also be provided by table lamps, floor lamps and sconces.
Task is lighting that is focused on a particular area to help you perform a specific a task. In a kitchen, this could be the sink, over the counters, or over the stove. Task lighting may be part of the general lighting, or additional localized or portable fixtures. Their style and finish should match the décor of the space since they are typically visible.
Light that is focused on a specific area to highlight it, such as items in a glass cabinet or artwork on the wall. The right accent light can draw attention to an area and set a mood.
‘Reno to Reveal’ Callout
Due to the large size of the rooms as well as the high ceilings, Scott’s house required a lot of lights. After consulting with the team at Vaughan Electrical Supply, it was determined that pot lights would be installed throughout the house – over 700 in total! But pot lights alone weren’t enough. Overhead fixtures (both pendants and chandeliers) were installed in every room to provide extra illumination as well as provide a strong decorative statement.
When making a lighting plan you need to think about accessibility and convenience. When you walk into a dark room you want to make sure you can easily access the lights.
‘Reno to Reveal’ Callout
In Scott’s house all the lights are part of an integrated home automation plan. They have 40 “loads/scenes” available that they can program throughout the house and then activate with their smart phones. This is particularly helpful when coming home at night or when their hands are full. They can turn the lights on before even entering the house.
When determining where to place your lights keep the following guidelines in mind.
If a room has an 8 foot ceiling, space your recessed lights approximately 4 feet apart. If the ceiling is 10 feet, you’ll want to put about 5 feet of space in between each fixture. (Consult local electrical codes before installing).
As a general rule you should install one pendant for every two feet of counter space. Typically pendants should be placed 30″ to 36″ above the countertop, or 72″ above the floor.
This type of lighting is highly recommended as it provides great task lighting in work areas. Strip lighting is the most common type.
Dining Room Chandeliers
Always hang them over the centre of the table with the bottom of the fixture hanging between 30″ and 36″ from the tabletop. If it’s hanging in an area with no table underneath you’ll want to go higher. Make sure it’s at least 7’ off the ground so people can walk freely underneath it.
Entryway Chandeliers & Pendants
Entryway fixtures should always be hung in the centre of the room. The bottom of the fixture should never be lower than 7’ (this goes for any hanging fixture anywhere in the house). In a two story entry it should not hang below the second floor.
Wall Sconces (Living Room, Dining Room, Hallway, etc.)
The center of the back plate should be no less than 60” above the floor. And preferably no more than 64”.
Sconces should be mounted on either side of a mirror, ideally 36” to 40” apart in order to eliminate shadows being cast on the face. The bottom of the each one should be mounted at approximately eye level. If this is not possible due to size restrictions hang a fixture over the mirror. Ideal placement is 75” to 80” above the floor.
When planning a home’s lighting you can’t ignore the subject of natural light. Natural light is always the best type of light so maximize it in any way you can. Look for window treatments that can either open wide or allow light to pass through, consider panels and sidelights for entry doors, and think about placing mirrors across from windows in order to maximize and reflect natural light.
Installing dimmers is one of the best things you can do to maximize your lighting plan. They allow for complete control over the amount of light distributed in a room, meaning you can change the atmosphere in an instant. Softly dimmed lights are great for the evening when you’re winding down, and it can save energy, so install dimmers on as many lights as you can.
‘Reno to Reveal’ Callout
Since Scott’s house has a lot of custom details he and Sabrina wanted to make sure to highlight some of the special features. Accent lights were included in many of the custom cabinets including Scott’s office and the kitchen, but also underneath the stairs on the main staircase. These additional lights highlight decorative features but also offer an added safety benefit.
For more information about calculating the right amount of light for each room check out this guide to lighting design and layout.
Don’t put too much stock in trades who give free estimates over the phone. A plumber or electrician can’t properly diagnose an issue unless it’s in person. A free estimate given over the phone is likely to go up significantly once he or she is on-site.